Humanitarian Disarmament in Montenegro
Montenegro became contaminated with mines and ERW as a result of conflicts during the break-up of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. In addition, NATO airstrikes on Serbia and Montenegro military positions in 1999 resulted in contamination of cluster munition remnants (CMR ). The presence of unexploded ordnaces ( UXO) presents a direct risk to the lives and health of residents and often limits the use of the contaminated land.
MBT : state party; clearance deadline: 1 April 2017.
CCM : state party; clearance deadline: 1 August 2020.
Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) began its re-engagement in Montenegro in 2012 with Non-technical survey ( NTS ) efforts.
NPA identified more than 1, 72 km2 of suspected land in 2012 and 2013 affecting five local communities of cluster munitions.
Currently, funding is being sought for the clearance efforts of the identified suspected areas.
According to NPA’s 2013 cluster munition remnants survey ( CMRS ) report, from 1999 until April 2013, a total of 1,873 submunitions had been found and destroyed in the location of cluster munition strike zones.
From 21 July – 6 October 2010, the remaining 273 cluster bombs of type BL 755 were detonated, thus effectively fulfilling Montenegro’s stockpile destruction obligations under Article 3 of the Convention within only two months of the Convention coming into force for Montenegro.