Humanitarian Disarmament in Peru
The republic of Peru is contaminated with landmines and cluster munitions as a result of the internal armed conflict in the 1980s and 1990s, and the conflict between Peru and Ecuador in 1995. The Landmine Monitor reported over 460 casualties as a result of mine/explosive remnants of war ( ERW ) related incidents.
MBT : state party; clearance deadline: 1 March 2017.
CCM : state party; clearance deadline: 1 March 2021.
In 2012, NPA’s Department for Humanitarian Disarmament was requested by the governments of Chile and Peru to support with demining activities in an area disputed by both countries (Quebrada de Escritos). The landmine contaminated area was a disputed border territory and a neutral third party was needed to perform clearance of the area, consequently allowing for a conclusion to the long-standing territorial dispute. Experienced deminers and Mine Detection Dogs from NPA successfully cleared 333 Anti-Personnel and Anti-Tanks mines from an area covering almost 70 000 m2 from October to December 2012. The International Court of Justice finally settled the dispute on the 27th of January, 2014, awarding Peru a triangle of the Pacific Ocean territory- an area covering thousands of square miles, rich in fish and other natural resources. NPA's work thus contributed to a conclusion of the dispute and facilitated for the final verdict.
In 2014 the Government of the Republic of Peru requested NPA’s assistance for the destruction of Peru’s stockpile of cluster munitions.
The Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Peruvian Ministry of Defense (MOD) and NPA agreed to implement a cooperative effort to destroy all cluster munitions stockpiled by the Republic of Peru. As the first step in this process, a joint Verification and Feasibility Assessment /VFA) was conducted in September 2014. The aim was to verify the types and quantities of cluster munitions stockpiled by the Republic of Peru, their condition and to discuss the possible modalities for the destruction within the given resources in Peru. Following several missions to Peru in preparation for the start of the destruction operations and a delay to the start of the training in April 2017 due to heavy flooding in Peru, NPA and the Peruvian Air Force (FAP) have started training and disposal operations in Punta Lobos now in august aimed at supporting Peru in reaching their obligations towards the Convention on Cluster Munition. The Cluster Munition disposal operations will continue throughout 2017 to 2020 with in kind support from the FAP and the NMFA.
Finally, NPA has secured funding for the further destruction of explosives with the implementation of an NPA Project on enhancing Physical Security/Stockpile Management (PSSM) in Peru including the disposal of surplus and obsolete Small Arms, Light Weapons (SALW) and explosive Ammunition held by the Peruvian Army.
In the initial Article 7 report provided in August 2013, Peru declared a stockpile of 675 cluster munitions of three types and 86,200 submunitions.
Under Article 3 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Peru is required to declare and destroy all stockpiled cluster munitions under its jurisdiction no later than 1 March 2021.
On June 2nd 2012, NPA was formally asked by the Governments of Chile and Peru to solve a mine-problem on the border between the two countries, which was successfully concluded on 20 December, 2012.