Humanitarian Disarmament in Tajikistan
The landmine and explosive remnants of war ( ERW ) contamination in Tajikistan is spread over the Central Region as a result of the civil conflict (1992-1997), and along the Tajik-Afghan Border (1991-1998) as a result of mines laid by Russian forces. There are currently almost half a million people living in mine-affected areas in Tajikistan. Of the total known casualties, almost 30 % were children. Tajikistan is one of the poorest countries in Central Asia and has very little arable land. Inaccessible land due to landmine and ERW contamination is therefore very critical to Tajikistan’s civilian population.
In late 2009, Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) was invited by the Government of Tajikistan and the Tajikistan Mine Action Centre (TMAC) to conduct land release ( LR ) including non-technical survey ( NTS ), technical survey ( TS ) and clearance in Tajikistan, setting up a Mine Action programme in July 2010 and commencing field operations by November. NPA aims to support Tajikistan in fulfilling its obligation in accordance with Article 5 of the Mine Ban Treaty.
Only 7 % of land in Tajikistan is usable for agriculture due to its mountainous terrain- the fact that more than 10 million m2 of Tajikistan’s land remains suspected of contamination is therefore detrimental to subsistence and economic development.
In 2014 NPA deployed its first female demining team in Tajikistan, the only female demining team in the country and the Central Asia Region.
Tajikistan has some of the world’s highest (3,700 m) and least accessible minefields in the world.
NPA Humanitarian Disarmament (HD) Tajikistan has since 2011 to date as at January 2017, released a total of more than 6 million m2, completing 91 tasks while removing and destroying 19,696 AP mines, 264 UXO and 84 Clusters.