Since 1994 the apartheid laws of South Africa have been replaced by a democratic constitution that ensures equal rights for all. The country has made significant progress in the areas of socioeconomic and political development. However, the economic growth and the movements towards democratization have not resulted in a more equal society. In fact, South Africa is one of the most unequal societies in the world. The inequalities manifests themselves in most arenas in life like in the formal and informal employment sector, people’s access to and control over land and within health.
In addition there has been a clampdown on people’s democratic rights such as the right to free speech and the right to information. As a consequence there has been a growing dissatisfaction among people and this has, among other things, lead to social unrest with an increase in number of violent demonstrations.