Humanitarian Disarmament in Thailand
Thailand’s conflicts with Cambodia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, and Myanmar near its borders have resulted in contamination of landmines and explosive remnants of war ( ERW ). Contamination includes both abandoned explosive ordnance ( AXO ) and unexploded ordnance ( UXO ). More than 3000 casualties have been recorded to date and large amounts of land are still out of bounds due to landmines and ERW; the main problem is a high level of landmine contamination in the Cambodia-Thailand border areas.
MBT : state party; clearance deadline: 1 November 2018.
CCM : not a state party.
Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) started activities in Thailand in 2000, carrying out the national Landmine Impact Survey (LIS) of Thailand in collaboration with the Thailand Mine Action Centre (TMAC). NPA resumed support to TMAC in 2008, mainly providing technical advice on TMAC’s capacities in strategic planning, information management and introducing the concept of land release.
NPA is the first demining NGO to be received by the Thai Prime Minister in person.
NPA Thailand has the highest land release productivity output per capita in the SEA Region.
NPA has released to date more than 7 million (m2) (size of 1,308 football fields) for safe use and have destroyed over 6000 dangerous objects since 2011.