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Humanitarian Disarmament in Vietnam

Humanitarian Disarmament in Vietnam

As a consequence of the Vietnam War, and the conflicts with China and Cambodia in the 70’s, Vietnam is heavily contaminated by explosive remnants of war ( ERW  ), mainly unexploded ordnance ( UXO  ).

As a consequence of the Vietnam War, and the conflicts with China and Cambodia in the 70’s, Vietnam is heavily contaminated by explosive remnants of war (ERW), mainly unexploded ordnance (UXO).

Vietnam also has one of the most extensive contamination problems with cluster munition remnants (CMR   ) in the world. The US dropped 413,130 tons of submunitions over Vietnam between 1965 and 1973, striking 55 provinces and cities. According to the Landmine Monitor, as of Oct 2017, there have been at least 105,059 mine/ERW casualties.

Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) began supporting Vietnam in 2008 with establishment of an Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Response team within Project RENEW (Restore the Environment and Neutralize the Effects of the War) in Quang Tri province. The project has evolved and has grown significantly with NPA now being their primary partner. In 2010, NPA piloted its own operations in Thua Thien Hue Province, having more flexibility on the design of methodology and operations.  Also from 2010, NPA started to work with national operators and authorities on issues such Information management, Land Release and the Convention on Cluster Munitions. Since then, NPA has developed into one of Vietnam’s leading and most diverse international NGOs working in mine action.

NPA is currently running capacity development, survey and clearance projects in Hanoi,  Quang Tri Province and Thua Thien Hue Province. The most noticeable added value to the Vietnam mine action program is NPA’s development of the Cluster Munition Remnants Survey (CMRS) methodology; an evidence based survey methodology to confirm the locations of hazards and quantify the CWD problem in Vietnam.

NPA operations include Non-Technical Survey and Technical Survey teams, Battle Area Clearance (BAC) teams and Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) mobile teams. In addition to this, NPA has been working to increase coordination within the sector and for capacity development at both national and provincial levels.


News from Vietnam:

Women Ambassadors visit NPA-RENEW’s all-women clearance team

Hai Lang, Quang Tri (May 9th 2018): Four leaders in Vietnam’s international community, ambassadors representing Switzerland, Norway, Cana...
13.05.2019 | Hien Ngo

From battle field to farm land

“Having lived here for 25 years, I have many times encountered wartime explosive weapons” says coffee farmer Le Quang Tien. NPA is now cl...
29.03.2019 | Hien Xuan Ngo

Increasing safety for farmers

Quang Tri, Vietnam: For four decades, Trieu Hoa Commune residents have lived anxiously with cluster bombs remained in their rice fields....
18.09.2018 | Hien Xuan Ngo

Eliminating the threat against Linh and her children

"It’s frightening to know that unexploded bombs are still found in our village after so many years", said Dinh Thi Linh. NPA an...
02.07.2018 | Hien Ngo

Fast facts

MBT : not a state party.

CCM : not acceded.

Over 100,000 people have been recorded as victims of UXO from 1975 and until today in Vietnam. The real numbers are likely to be higher.

Vietnam still has one of the highest civilian accident rates in the world.

NPA Humanitarian  Disarmament (HD) has achieved since 2008 to date as of Jan 2018:

  • 2,856,607 square meters of land released for development, constructions of community houses and football fields.
  • 76,588 CMs and other ERW found and safely destroyed
  • Defined and marked through survey, 610 Confirmed Hazardous Areas (CHA), consisting of over 121 million square meters of land
  • 47,148 households exposed to mine risk education provided through Non-Technical Survey


Coming soon