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Myanmar

Myanmar

NPA has been present in Myanmar since 2004, with a primary goal to strengthen Myanmar’s civil society, thus increasing the chances of a successful democratic transition. In 2012, NPA was invited by the government to assist with the establishment of a mine action coordination centre to conduct demining activities (although progress to date on this front has been limited).

Over the past years, Myanmar has experienced a significant transformation towards democratization. Since 2012, a series of ceasefires have been signed between the army and ethnic minority armed groups, including a framework for a Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement in 2015. However, the peace process is to date seen fragile while parts of the country are still suffering from active armed conflicts.

Since 2015, the election of the main opposition party, the National League for Democracy has triggered very high hopes from civil society and international community that have not been met yet.

 

Development cooperation in Myanmar

NPA’s support to civil society in Myanmar focuses on two pillars: Democratisation and Peace. Throughout out all our work, we strive to support partners’ capacity to implement programmes that they have designed, according to their own political agenda, while strengthening their capacities and organizational development.

Humanitarian Disarmament in Myanmar

The landmine problem in Myanmar is the result of decades of post-independence struggles for autonomy by ethnic minorities.

Facts

A very ethnically diverse country with a population of about 52 millions and with over 130 ethnic groups.

Myanmar has faced 60 years of civil war between the Myanmar Army and ethnic minority based armed groups (since its Independence in 1948), and almost as many years of military dictatorship.

Myanmar has a wealth of natural resources, including natural gaz and gemstones: up to 90% of the world’s rubies and 80% of Jadeite are estimated to be extracted in Myanmar.

Myanmar ranks 132 (out of 180 countries) in the Corruption Perception Index of Transparency International.

The largest natural disaster in Myanmar was Cyclone Nargis that devastated the Irrawaddy Delta on the night of the 2nd May 2008, taking the lives of an estimated 140,000 people, displacing 800,000 and leaving about 2.5 million of people homeless.