Humanitarian Disarmament in Vietnam
Vietnam also has one of the most extensive contamination problems with cluster munition remnants ( CMR ) in the world. The US dropped 413,130 tons of submunitions over Vietnam between 1965 and 1973, striking 55 provinces and cities. According to the Landmine Monitor, there have been at least 104,973 mine/ERW casualties.
MBT : not a state party.
CCM : not acceded.
Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) began supporting Vietnam in 2008.
In 2010, NPA piloted its own operations in Thua Thien Hue Province, giving NPA more flexibility on the design of methodology and operations. Also from 2010, NPA started to work with national operators and authorities on issues such Information management, Land Release and the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
NPA is currently working in in central Vietnam. In addition to operational support to the national mine action authorities (NMAC) with Battle Area Clearance ( BAC ) teams and Explosive Ordnance Disposal ( EOD ) mobile teams, NPA implements risk education projects in cooperation with local authorities.
Over 100,000 people have been recorded as victims of UXO from 1975 and until today in Vietnam. The real numbers are likely to be higher.
Vietnam still has one of the highest civilian accident rates in the world.
It is expected that 400 to 450 people a year will continue to become victims to UXO and landmines.
NPAs risk education project is in particular focused on the scrap metal industry as UXOs are one of the key sources for scrap metal.