Humanitarian Disarmament in Vietnam
Vietnam also has one of the most extensive contamination problems with cluster munition remnants ( CMR ) in the world. The US dropped 413,130 tons of submunitions over Vietnam between 1965 and 1973, striking 55 provinces and cities. According to the Landmine Monitor, as of Oct 2017, there have been at least 105,059 mine/ERW casualties.
MBT : not a state party.
CCM : not acceded.
Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) began supporting Vietnam in 2008 with establishment of an Explosive Ordnance Disposal ( EOD ) Response team within Project RENEW (Restore the Environment and Neutralize the Effects of the War) in Quang Tri province. The project has evolved and has grown significantly with NPA now being their primary partner. In 2010, NPA piloted its own operations in Thua Thien Hue Province, having more flexibility on the design of methodology and operations. Also from 2010, NPA started to work with national operators and authorities on issues such Information management, Land Release and the Convention on Cluster Munitions. Since then, NPA has developed into one of Vietnam’s leading and most diverse international NGOs working in mine action.
NPA is currently running capacity development, survey and clearance projects in Hanoi, Quang Tri Province and Thua Thien Hue Province. The most noticeable added value to the Vietnam mine action program is NPA’s development of the Cluster Munition Remnants Survey (CMRS) methodology; an evidence based survey methodology to confirm the locations of hazards and quantify the CWD problem in Vietnam.
NPA operations include Non-Technical Survey and Technical Survey teams, Battle Area Clearance ( BAC ) teams and Explosive Ordnance Disposal ( EOD ) mobile teams. In addition to this, NPA has been working to increase coordination within the sector and for capacity development at both national and provincial levels.
Over 100,000 people have been recorded as victims of UXO from 1975 and until today in Vietnam. The real numbers are likely to be higher.
Vietnam still has one of the highest civilian accident rates in the world.
NPA Humanitarian Disarmament (HD) has achieved since 2008 to date as of Sep 2018:
3,045,440 square meters of land released for development, constructions of community houses and football fields
80,532 CMs and other ERW found and safely destroyed
Defined and marked through survey, 714 Confirmed Hazardous Areas (CHA), consisting of over 183 million square meters of land
47,148 households exposed to mine risk education provided through Non-Technical Survey