CONAIE (Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador) is the main organizational structure of the indigenous movement and the largest social organization in Ecuador. It was founded in 1986 and represents the 14 indigenous nationalities and 28 peoples in the country. It comprises 3 regional organizations: in the Highlands, ECUARUNARI (Confederation of the Kichwa Nationality of Ecuador); on the Coast, CONAICE (Council of Indigenous Nationalities of the Ecuadorian Coast); and in the Amazonia, CONFENIAE (Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of the Ecuadorian Amazonia). Its political project is the construction of an inclusive Plurinational State and the consolidation of the indigenous peoples and nationalities and their territories. CONAIE struggles against discrimination and to guarantee unity in diversity, social equality, and equity.
ECUARUNARI (Confederation of the Kichwa Nationality of Ecuador) was constituted in 1972, and works for the unity, strengthening, and reconstruction of the Kichwa nationality peoples and campesinos of the Ecuadorian Sierra (highlands). It applies the principles ofama shwa (no robbing), ama killa (no lying), andama llulla (no idleness) in order to transform society and the State socially, economically, and politically towards a true democracy. It denounces exclusion and racism and promotes identity and autonomy as mechanisms towards real inter-culturality. Ecuarunari prioritizes natural resources; together with other rural-based organizations (eg: campesinos of the Coast), it insists on a national agrarian agenda that will advance redistribution of land, stop privatization of water, and benefit campesino people and indigenous communities.
Cooperation between NPA and CONAIE-ECUARUNARI began in 1994. In the period 2012-2015, the cooperation will prioritize the national and regional organizations and provincial affiliates that help strengthen and consolidate CONAIE and ECUARUNARI. The internal strengthening of the organizations will continue to be the core of the support.
APDH (Permanent Assembly for Human Rights) was established in 1984. The organization is among the most active defenders of human rights. They are particularly active along the border with Colombia to the north, in the provinces of Sucumbíos, Carchi, Esmeraldas and Imbabura. This border program has received support from Norwegian People's Aid since 1999. The program covers the northern part of Ecuador bordering Colombia. APDH demand rights for the population along the border and monitors military, social, environmental and human aspects. They also help with support and organizational strengthening of the Border Network for peace in the three provinces. The Border Network for Peace consists of parish councils, public assemblies, community organizations, women's and youth groups, organizations of settlers and Colombian refugees.
FDA (Amazon Defence Front) consists of various local organizations in the Amazonian provinces Sucumbíos, Orellana and Napo and was founded to coordinate the lawsuit with 30,000 people targeting the oil company Chevron (Texaco) in 1994. The population in the area are living with the consequences of gross contamination after 40 years of petroleum production. The company left open waste ponds in the terrain, groundwater is polluted and people and animals are sick. In 2013 Chevron was ordered by the Ecuadorean Supreme Court to pay 59 million NOK as compensation and for cleanup, but they has refused to follow the order. FDA also advises various communities living with the effects of petroleum extraction to negotiate with the government and the oil companies. FDA has been Norwegian People's Aid partner since 2008.
AUCC (Assembly for Cantonal Unity of Cotacachi), which was established in 1996, is an arena where the majority of Cotacachi Cantons' local branches and organizations are represented to discuss, decide and plan the development of the region. AUCC is based on principles of solidarity and inclusion in a multicultural and multi-ethnic society. AUCC work with local political and organizational processes and challenges while pursuing the implementation of the government's new economic model. Norwegian People's Aid has worked with AUCC since 2003.
FENOCIN (The Confederation of Indigenous, Campesino, and Black Organisations) is a potential strategic ally of the indigenous movement. They work with challenges related to subsistence agriculture and smallholders and is part of the Via Campesina.