Humanitarian Disarmament in Peru
The republic of Peru is contaminated with landmines and cluster munitions as a result of the internal armed conflict in the 1980s and 1990s, and the conflict between Peru and Ecuador in 1995. The Landmine Monitor reported over 460 casualties as a result of mine/explosive remnants of war ( ERW ) related incidents.
MBT : state party; clearance deadline: 1 March 2017.
CCM : state party; clearance deadline: 1 March 2021.
Following a request by the Government of the Republic of Peru through the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Peruvian Ministry of Defence and Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) have agreed to explore the potential for a cooperative effort to destroy all cluster munitions stockpiled by the Republic of Peru. As the first step in this process, a joint Verification and Feasibility Assessment was conducted in September 2014. The aim was to verify the types and quantities of cluster munitions stockpiled by the Republic of Peru as well as the condition of these and to discuss the possible modalities for the destruction. NPA and the Republic of Peru are currently in dialogue about the next steps and the plan is to initiate the operation during the first half of 2015.
In the initial Article 7 report provided in August 2013, Peru declared a stockpile of 675 cluster munitions of three types and 86,200 submunitions.
Under Article 3 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Peru is required to declare and destroy all stockpiled cluster munitions under its jurisdiction no later than 1 March 2021.
On June 2nd 2012, NPA was formally asked by the Governments of Chile and Peru to solve a mine-problem on the border between the two countries, which was successfully concluded on 20 December, 2012.