Each year, tens of thousands of civilians are killed or injured during the use of explosive weapons in populated areas (EWIPA).
Still more civilians are affected from damage to vital infrastructure such as schools, hospitals, housing, and water and sanitation systems. Explosive weapons kill, injure, damage, and destroy as a result of the blast and fragmentation from the detonation of explosives. These weapons include several explosive ordnances as well as improvised explosive devices ( IEDs ).
It is estimated that 91% of casualties from EWIPA in 2012 were civilians. The 2012 UN Secretary General’s Report on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict highlighted EWIPA as one of the key challenges for the protection of civilians and urged parties to “refrain from using explosive weapons with a wide-area impact in densely populated areas”.