Humanitarian Disarmament in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is heavily contaminated with mines and explosive remnants of war ( ERW ), including cluster munition remnants ( CMR ). The contamination is due to the 1992–1995 conflict related to the break-up of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. More than 1,800 people have been killed, and more than 5,800 people have been injured because of mine/ERW in BiH to date.
MBT : state party.
CCM : state party; clearance deadline: 1 March 2021.
Norwegian People's Aid's (NPA) Humanitarian Disarmament Programme has been continuously active in BiH since 1996. The programme activities include marking and clearance of the areas contaminated with landmines, clearance of cluster munition and other explosive remnants of war, and the destruction of explosive ordnances throughout BiH. In addition to survey and clearance activities, NPA has educated more than 35,000 citizens about mine hazards in BiH.
NPA contribute to more than 20% of the total amount of Land Release per year, as one of 30 operators. More than 20.5km2 of suspected land has been released by NPAand more than 62,000 objects have been destroyed.
NPA is currently conducting humanitarian disarmament interventions in the Srebrenica region aiming to release contaminated land in areas suspected to contain mass graves from the war, providing access for the International Commission on Missing Persons and the Missing Persons Institute. Around 14,000 people are still missing from the war.
The NPA BiH programme successfully implemented two demining missions in Georgia in 2008 and on the Chile-Peru border in 2012.
NPA is currently conducting research on depleted uranium in BiH, with the aim of proving a conclusive link between depleted uranium exposure and health issues.