Humanitarian Disarmament in Somalia
Sadly, landmine and ERW contamination is not Somalia’s only challenge. Dwindling NGO access has hindered humanitarian aid as well as any humanitarian disarmament efforts. These issues are only compounded by huge security challenges, droughts, flooding, and serious health epidemics in Somalia. Mine and ERW accidents recorded so far show close to 3,000 fatalities. However, the numbers are likely to be much larger. Even though a total understanding of the contamination problem remains unclear, it is believed that one in 10 communities have a problem with mines and ERW.
MBT : state party; clearance deadline: 1 October 2022.
CCM : signed, not ratified.
Norwegian People's Aid's Humanitarian Disarmament programme was established in 2013 and consists of 3 Multi-Tasking Teams ( MTT ). These teams are able to perform survey, Battle Area Clearance ( BAC ), Explosive Ordnance Disposal ( EOD ), and manual mine clearance .
NPA is the only Humanitarian Disarmament operator to work in South Central Somalia.
On 16 April 2012, Somalia became the 160th State Party to accede to the Mine Ban Treaty.
Somalia has been without a central government since Siad Barre lost power in a coup d’état in 1991, after which Somalia has been run by heavily armed clan militias and warlords.
Somali development and humanitarian indicators are among the lowest in the world.
According to the UN development Index, life expectancy in Somalia is 50 years.
According to Transparency International, Somalia ranks as the most corrupt country in the world.