Humanitarian Disarmament in Thailand
Internal conflicts in Thailand, as well as conflicts in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar near Thailand’s borders have resulted in contamination of landmines and explosive remnants of war ( ERW ). Contamination includes both abandoned explosive ordnance ( AXO ) and unexploded ordnance ( UXO ). More than 3000 casualties have been recorded to date and large amounts of land are still out of bounds due to landmines and ERW; the main problem is a high level of landmine contamination in the Cambodia-Thailand border areas.
MBT : state party; clearance deadline: 31 October 2023.
CCM : not a state party.
Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) started activities in Thailand in 2000, carrying out the national Landmine Impact Survey (LIS) of Thailand in collaboration with the Thailand Mine Action Centre (TMAC). NPA resumed support to TMAC in 2011, mainly providing technical advice on TMAC’s capacities in strategic planning, information management and introducing the concept of land release. Today we our work is a combination of strategic advice to TMAC and conducting Non-Technical-Survey (NTS).
It is estimated that Thailand still has 391 Square kilometers of landmine and ERW contamination in 13 provinces. NPA is currently working to assist Thailand in the Western and North-Western provinces of the country.
NPA has released to date more than 41 million (m2) (size of 7,660 football fields) for safe use and have destroyed over 6000 dangerous objects since 2011.
NPA is the first demining NGO to be received by the Thai Prime Minister in person.
NPA Thailand has the highest land release productivity output per capita in the SEA Region.
NPA has released to date more than 7 million (m2) (size of 1,308 football fields) for safe use and have destroyed over 6000 dangerous objects since 2011.