Governance of the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT), including Gaza and parts of the West Bank, are assigned to the Palestinian National Authority (PA). Two Palestinian factions, Hamas in Gaza and Fatah in the West Bank, both claim to be the legitimate governing authority of the OPT. Neither faction has made any recent public statements on its policy toward banning antipersonnel mines or banning cluster munitions.
Explosive Remnants of War remain in Gaza as a result of the armed conflict with Israel. The Gaza strip has been surveyed and partly cleared by the Palestinians. NPA has been present in Gaza with different development projects since 1987. In February 2009, NPA established a separate EOD project in Gaza which terminated the same year.