Humanitarian Disarmament in Serbia
The Republic of Serbia’s explosive remnants of war (ERW) contamination includes mines and cluster munition remnants. The ERW contamination is a result of the conflicts pertaining to the break-up of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
Serbia has a relatively small mine problem confined to its southern border crossing with Kosovo. However, Serbia has a much larger problem of CMR and unexploded ordnance.
The exact number of mine/ERW casualties in Serbia is not known.
Mine Ban Treaty (MBT): state party; Article 5 deadline: 1 March 2023
Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM): not a state party
Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) started its operations in Serbia in 2006 conducting Non-Technical Survey of areas suspected to be contaminated with CMR.
Until the end of 2015, NPA provided support to the Serbian Mine Action Centre (SMAC) with a NTS Team. During the first months of 2016, NPA conducted refugee relief work in South Serbia in order to respond to the ongoing refugee crisis in the Western Balkan route by providing transport, medical aid and support to the refugees. NPA response also centred on marking of hazardous areas and explosive ordnance risk education activities.
From 2011-2013, NPA was the most efficient operator in the country--beating out private commercial organizations both in terms of a lower cost per square meter released as well as a higher concentration of dangerous items removed per square meter cleared.
In the period from 2006 to 2008, NPA cleared around 1 km2 of minefields on the Serbian border between Serbia and Croatia, locating and destroying 349 landmines. The project was implemented by the NPA Mine Action Programme in Croatia with support from the NPA’s regional office in Belgrade.