Launching Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor 2018
Norwegian People's Aid launches the Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor 2018, the first report of a newly established watchdog for the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW).
The first report from the Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor is now available online.
Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor is a research programme, managed and established by Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) in support of the TPNW, and in support of ICAN ’s call for universalization and faithful implementation of this Treaty to advance progress towards a world free of nuclear weapons. Data collection and analysis is assisted by specialist research institutes, particularly the Norwegian Academy of International Law .
The Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor measures progress related to signature, adherence, entry into force, and universalization of the TPNW. It also evaluates the extent to which the policies and practices of all states comply with the core obligations in the Treaty. The term compliance is used in a broad sense, to refer to the compatibility of each state’s behavior with the prohibitions of the TPNW, regardless of whether the state in question has adhered to the Treaty or not. A key purpose of the report is to highlight specific activities that will need to be discontinued if the international community is to achieve its goal of creating a world without nuclear weapons.
The report shows that the speed of adherence to the TPNW is faster than for any other treaty regulating weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Adherence was slower both for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). While it took 450 days for the NPT to get 20 states parties, the TPNW had reached 19 at 371 days after it opened for signature. When reaching 50, it will enter into force.
“We’re pushing for getting 50 ratifications by the end of 2019,” said Beatrice Fihn, executive director of ICAN, commenting on the Ban Monitor-report in an interview with Reuters . ICAN was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 2017.
The TPNW was negotiated and adopted by a majority of the UN member states in 2017, over the objections of the nuclear-armed states and their allies. The Treaty was opened for states to sign in September 2017.
Find the full report here: