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Explosive Ordnance Disposal

Explosive Ordnance Disposal

In addition to the teams of women and men who perform survey and clearance, personnel have specialized teams who undertake what NPA call Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD). EOD personnel operate separately or within survey and clearance teams. They are specialised to identify and carefully evaluate all mines and unexploded ordnance found in order to establish the safest method of handling or disposal. They then destroy objects in site or disarm before removing them to a collection point for detonation later.

EOD personnel must be able to distinguish between a large number of objects that all look identical to the untrained eye, but which in fact may be classified as anything from safe for removal to extremely unstable. EOD personnel also deal with all types of unused explosive munitions abandoned or dumped by armed forces when leaving an area. This may concern anything from a few individual objects to entire arms dumps.


Battle Area Clearance

Battle Area Clearance is a systematic and controlled search for and disposal of explosive remnants of war in a former battle area. Battle Area is a part of suspected hazardous area for which the following information has been confirmed:

  • Presence of fired or dropped unexploded ordnance;
  • Presence of unexploded ordnance that has been armed/prepared for firing/dropping but has not been fired/dropped;
  • Presence of unexploded ordnance that has not been armed/prepared for firing/dropping; for example ordnance in temporary munitions storages, which is, however, not part of national stocks;
  • Absence of minefields.

Spot Tasks

Battle areas requiring area clearance on the surface or at shallow depths are rare, and spot tasks are sufficient to destroy individual pieces of ordnance.

Abandoned Explosive Ordnance

Abandoned explosive ordnance (AXO) means explosive ordnance that has not been used during an armed conflict, that has been left behind or dumped by a party to an armed conflict, and which is no longer under control of the party that left it behind or dumped it. Abandoned explosive ordnance may or may not have been primed, fused, armed or otherwise prepared for use.