The Kingdom of Thailand is a country at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula, composed of 76 provinces, with Bangkok as the capital city. Thailand is bordering Myanmar, Lao PDR, Cambodia and Malaysia. The Kingdom is 513,120 km2 and has a population of over 66 million people. Majority of Thai’s (over 90 per cent) are Buddhists, although other major religions are practiced. Since 2019, the country is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. However, in practice, structural advantages in the national constitution have ensured the military´s hold on power.
Internal conflicts in Thailand, as well as conflicts in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar near Thailand’s borders have resulted in contamination of landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW). More than 3,000 casualties have been recorded to date and large amounts of land are still out of bounds due to landmines and ERW; the main problem is a high level of landmine contamination in the Cambodia-Thailand border areas.
Norwegian People's Aid in Thailand
Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) started activities in Thailand in 2000, carrying out the national Landmine Impact Survey (LIS) of Thailand in collaboration with the Thailand Mine Action Centre (TMAC). NPA resumed support to TMAC in 2011, mainly providing technical advice on TMAC’s capacities in strategic planning, information management and introducing the concept of land release. Today our work is a combination of strategic advice to TMAC and conducting Non-Technical-Survey (NTS).
NPA is working to assist Thailand in the North-eastern and Eastern provinces of the country (Thai-Laos and Thai-Cambodian borders). At the end of 2020, Thailand still had an estimated mines contaminated area of 63km2 across 7 provinces. And by mid-June 2021, the baseline of mined area was further reduced to 43km2. Moreover, NPA estimates that continued survey will result in an even smaller area (approximately 20km2) actually requiring clearance. However, NPA also foresees a need not only for further non-technical survey, but also for updating of survey data during technical survey and clearance operations, as more information become available.
- NPA is the only demining NGO to be received by the Thai Prime Minister in person.
- NPA Thailand has the highest land release productivity output per capita in the SEA Region.
- NPA has released/cancelled areas more than 72 million m2 (size of approximately 11,250 football fields) for safe use and have destroyed over 6,000 dangerous objects since 2011.
- NPA Thailand has 40% female staff and 50% female managers
- NPA Thailand is one of few programs in SEA with the full toolbox, using both manual deminers, Mine Detection Dogs and Mechanical demining machines in its operations
- Thailand has signet the Mine Ban Treaty
- Thailand is Non-signatory to the Convention on Cluster Munition
- Thailand's country profile in Land Mine & Cluster Munition Monitor
- NPA Thailand on Facebook