On 9 September 1991, Tajikistan became an independent sovereign nation when the Soviet Union disintegrated. A civil war followed almost immediately after independence, lasting from 1992 to 1997. Since the end of the war, political stability and foreign aid have allowed the country's economy to grow.
Tajikistan officially known as the Republic of Tajikistan, is a mountainous country in Central Asia with an area of 143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi) and a population around 9 million people. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east. The traditional homelands of the Tajik people include present-day Tajikistan as well as parts of Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.
In 2009, Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) was invited by the Government of Tajikistan and the Tajikistan National Mine Action Centre (TNMAC) to conduct land release ( LR ) including non-technical survey ( NTS ), technical survey ( TS ) and clearance in Tajikistan, setting up a Mine Action programme in July 2010 and commencing field operations by November. NPA aims to support Tajikistan in fulfilling its obligation in accordance with Article 5 of the Mine Ban Treaty.