A cluster bomb or cluster munition is a weapon containing multiple explosive sub-munitions. Cluster munitions are dropped from aircraft or fired from the ground and are designed to break open in midair, releasing the sub-munitions and saturating an area that can be the size of several football fields.
Anybody within that area, military or civilian, is very likely to be killed or injured. As many of the submunitions fail to work according to design, huge quantities are left on the ground and, like landmines, remain a fatal threat to anyone in the area long after a conflict ends.
NPA works with cluster munitions both on a policy and operations level. NPA was central in the effort that led to the ban, and we have taken a leading role in assisting countries in survey and clearance of CMR.